Stephen Hawking Net Worth
Stephen Hawking net worth: Stephen Hawking was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author who had a net worth of $20 million at the time of his death. He was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death. He was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge between 1979 and 2009. Stephen Hawking died on March 13, 2018 at the age of 76.
Early Life: Stephen William Hawking was born on January 8, 1942, in Oxford, United Kingdom to Frank (1905–1986)and Isobel Eileen Hawking (née Walker; 1915–2013). Hawking began his schooling at the Byron House School in Highgate, London. He later blamed its "progressive methods" for his failure to learn to read while at the school. In St Albans, the eight-year-old Hawking attended St Albans High School for Girls for a few months. At that time, younger boys could attend one of the houses. Hawking attended two independent schools, first Radlett School and from September 1952, St Albans School, after passing the eleven-plus a year early. His family placed a high value on education. Hawking's father wanted his son to attend the well-regarded Westminster School, but the 13-year-old Hawking was ill on the day of the scholarship examination. His family could not afford the school fees without the financial aid of a scholarship, so Hawking remained at St Alban's. From 1958 on, with the help of the mathematics teacher Dikran Tahta, they built a computer from clock parts, an old telephone switchboard, and other recycled components.
Hawking began to show considerable aptitude for scientific subjects and, inspired by Tahta, decided to read mathematics at university. Hawking's father advised him to study medicine, concerned that there were few jobs for mathematics graduates. He also wanted his son to attend University College, Oxford, his own alma mater. As it was not possible to read mathematics there at the time, Hawking decided to study physics and chemistry. Despite his headmaster's advice to wait until the next year, Hawking was awarded a scholarship after taking the examinations in March 1959.
Hawking began his university education at University College, Oxford, in October 1959 at the age of 17. During his second and third year, Hawking made more of an effort "to be one of the boys." He joined the college boat club, the University College Boat Club, where he coxed a rowing crew. The rowing coach at the time noted that Hawking cultivated a daredevil image, steering his crew on risky courses that led to damaged boats. After receiving a first-class BA (Hons.) degree in physics and completing a trip to Iran with a friend, he began his graduate work at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, in October 1962.
Hawking's first year as a doctoral student was difficult. He was initially disappointed to find that he had been assigned Dennis William Sciama, one of the founders of modern cosmology, as a supervisor rather than noted Yorkshire astronomer Fred Hoyle. Hawking started developing a reputation for brilliance and brashness when he publicly challenged the work of Fred Hoyle and his student Jayant Narlikar at a lecture in June 1964.
When Hawking began his graduate studies, there was much debate in the physics community about the prevailing theories of the creation of the universe: the Big Bang and Steady State theories. Inspired by Roger Penrose's theorem of a spacetime singularity in the center of black holes, Hawking applied the same thinking to the entire universe; and, during 1965, he wrote his thesis on this topic. Hawking's thesis was approved in 1966. There were other positive developments: Hawking received a research fellowship at Gonville and Caius College at Cambridge; he obtained his PhD degree in applied mathematics and theoretical physics, specializing in general relativity and cosmology, in March 1966; and his essay "Singularities and the Geometry of Space-Time" won that year's prestigious Adams Prize.
Career: Hawking achieved commercial success with several works of popular science in which he discusses his theories and cosmology in general. His book A Brief History of Time appeared on the Sunday Times bestseller list for a record-breaking 237 weeks. Hawking was a Fellow of the Royal Society, a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, and a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States.
In 1974, Hawking's research and findings turned him into a celebrity within the scientific world when he proved that black holes aren't the information vacuums that scientists originally thought. Hawking demonstrated that 'matter'—in the form of radiation—can escape the gravitational force of a collapsed star. This theory was aptly named Hawking Radiation. In September 2010, Hawking spoke against the concept that God could have created the universe in his controversial book The Grand Design. His latest work concludes that the Big Bang was the inevitable consequence of the laws of physics and nothing more.
In 2002, Hawking was ranked number 25 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons.
Hawking made the news again in 2012 for two very different reasons: He participated in a 2011 study of a revolutionary headband-style device called the iBrain which could be revolutionary to ALS sufferers by picking up waves of electrical brain signals. That same year he showed off his humorous side on American television by making a guest appearance on The Big Bang Theory.
Health Issues: While he was in graduate school, Hawking was diagnosed with the motor neuron disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease, a fatal neurodegenerative disease that results in the death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord, which gradually paralyzed him over decades. Hawking had experienced increasing clumsiness during his final year at Oxford, including a fall on some stairs and difficulties when rowing. The problems worsened, and his speech became slightly slurred and his family noticed the changes when he returned home for Christmas. The diagnosis came when Hawking was 21, in 1963. At the time, doctors gave him a life expectancy of two years. After his diagnosis, Hawking fell into a depression. His disease progressed more slowly than doctors had predicted. Although Hawking had difficulty walking unsupported, and his speech was almost unintelligible, his initial diagnosis that said he had only two years to live proved unfounded.
Throughout most of his adult life, he was almost entirely paralyzed. He was confined to a wheelchair and communicated through a speech-generating device.
Personal Life: Stephen Hawking met Jane Wilde at a party in 1962. They got engaged in the fall of 1964, aware of the challenges Hawking's diagnosis would present. They married on July 14, 1965. They had three children: Robert, born May 1967, Lucy, born November 1969, and Timothy, born April 1979. By the 1980s, Hawking's marriage had been strained for many years. Jane felt overwhelmed by the intrusion into their family life of the required nurses and assistants. The impact of his celebrity was challenging for the couple. Hawking's views of religion also contrasted with her strong Christian faith and resulted in tension.
After a tracheotomy in 1985, Hawking required a nurse 24/7 and nursing care was split across three shifts daily. In the late 1980s, Hawking grew close to one of his nurses, Elaine Mason. In February 1990, Hawking told Jane that he was leaving her for Mason and moved out of the family home. After his divorce from Jane in 1995, Hawking married Mason in September of the same year.
After his second marriage, Hawking's family felt excluded from his life.
In 2006, Hawking and Mason quietly divorced, and Hawking resumed closer relationships with Jane, his children, and his grandchildren.
Hawking believed that, given the vastness of the universe, aliens likely exist, but that contact with them should be avoided. He warned that aliens might pillage Earth for resources. In 2010 he said, "If aliens visit us, the outcome would be much as when Columbus landed in America, which didn't turn out well for the Native Americans."
Hawking was an atheist and believed that "the universe is governed by the laws of science."
|Net Worth:||$20 Million|
|Date of Birth:||Jan 8, 1942 - Mar 13, 2018 (76 years old)|
|Height:||5 ft 6 in (1.69 m)|
|Profession:||Science writer, Physicist, Scientist, Astronomer, Mathematician, Professor, Author, Cosmologist, Writer, Astrophysicist|