Muammar Gaddafi (Muammar Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi) is the former president of Libya who at one point had a net worth estimated at $70 billion. Muammar Gaddafi was the longest serving ruler of Libya since the Ottoman Empire, and the longest non-royal ruler still living at the time of his death. His forty-two year reign has been the subject of much controversy and internal unrest. As of February 2011, political unrest within the country has boiled over into full-scale violence, largely perpetrated by the military against civilian protesters.
Gaddafi was forced out of office and onto the run from rebel forces. Both the United States government and Nato encouraged Gaddafi to turn himself in and liberate his country from continued violence. On October 20th, 2011, after several months on the run, Muammar Gaddafi was captured by rebel forces and executed. Evidence is now pointing to Gaddafi having a vast hidden fortune of assets in bank accounts, real estate and investments around the world, with his personal control over Libya's vast oil fields was the main contributor to his wealth. This means, prior to his death, was by far the richest person in the world.